Feature Selection Filter

Feature Selection Filters.

Feature Filters quantify the importance of each feature of a Task by assigning them a numerical score. In a second step, features can be selected by either selecting a fixed absolute or relative frequency of the best features, or by thresholding on the score value.

The Filter PipeOp allows to use filters as a preprocessing step.

Table

Example Usage

Use the \(-\log_10()\)-transformed \(p\)-values of a Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test (implemented in kruskal.test()) for filtering features of the Pima Indian Diabetes tasks.

library("mlr3verse")

# retrieve a task
task = tsk("pima")

# retrieve a filter
filter = flt("kruskal_test")

# calculate scores
filter$calculate(task)

# access scores
filter$scores
  glucose       age      mass   insulin   triceps  pregnant  pedigree 
39.885381 16.942901 16.740864 13.127828  9.158113  7.426955  5.922431 
 pressure 
 5.788607 
# plot scores
autoplot(filter)
# subset task to 3 most important features
task$select(head(names(filter$scores), 3))
task$feature_names
[1] "age"     "glucose" "mass"